mph Bangladesh


P  - Caution when used during pregnancy

L  - Contraindicated in lactation

Molecule Info

 
Indication & Dosage Oral
Allergic rhinitis, Cold and flu
Adult: As extended release preparation containing loratadine 5 mg and pseudoephedrine sulfate 120 mg: 1 tablet bid. As extended release preparation containing loratadine 10 mg and pseudoephedrine sulfate 120 mg: 1 tab once daily. 
Child: 6-12 yr: As syrup containing loratadine 5 mg and pseudoephedrine 60 mg (per 5 ml): ≤30 kg: 2.5 ml bid; >30 kg: 5 ml bid. 
Hepatic impairment: Severe: Initial dose of 1 tab (containing loratadine 5 mg and pseudoephedrine sulfate 120 mg) daily or ½ the usual syrup dose.
Administration May be taken with or without food.
Overdosage Symptoms: CNS depression (sedation, apnoea, decreased mental alertness, cyanosis, coma, CV collapse), CNS stimulation (insomnia, hallucination, convulsions) and even death. Management: Induce emesis, followed by supportive and symptomatic treatment.
Contraindications Lactation. Narrow angle glaucoma, urinary retention, severe hypertension, severe coronary artery disease and hyperthyroidism. Patients on MAOI therapy or within 14 days of discontinuing MAOI.
Special Precautions Glaucoma, increased intraocular pressure, stenosing peptic ulcer and pyloroduodenal obstruction, prostatic hypertrophy, bladder neck obstruction, CV disease, DM, severe liver impairment. Not recommended for use in pregnancy. Elderly. Tablets to be swallowed whole and patients should be instructed not to break, chew, or dissolve such tablets.
Adverse Drug Reactions Insomnia, dry mouth, headache, nervousness, epistaxis, pharyngitis, dizziness, fatigue, tachycardia, postural hypotension, transient abnormal hepatic function, urinary retention, CNS stimulation, excitability.
Drug Interactions Loratadine: Increased loratadine levels with ritonavir, amprenavir; increased loratadine levels with erythromycin, cimetidine and ketoconazole without evidence of clinical significance or toxicity; may block effects of betahistine. Pseudoephedrine: Increased adverse effects (e.g. somnolence, agitation) with atomoxetine; increased BP or heart rate with sibutramine.
Potentially Fatal: Pseudoephedrine: Increased risk of psychosis with bromocriptine; increased risk of fatal hypertensive crisis with MAOI, avoid concurrent use during and for 2 wk after stopping the MAOI; increased BP with linezolid and selegiline. Please consult detailed drug interactions before prescribing.
Lab Interference Reactions to skin testing procedures may be reduced, antihistamines should be discontinued 48 hr before procedure.
Storage Oral: Store below 25°C.
Pharmacology Loratadine is a long-acting, non-sedating antihistamine with little antimuscarinic activity. Pseudoephedrine, a vasoconstrictor, acts on the α-receptors and produces a decongestant effect by shrinking congested mucosa in the upper respiratory areas.
Onset: Nasal decongestion: 30 minutes.
Duration: Nasal decongestion: 8 hr (60 mg pseudoephedrine) and 12 hr (120 mg pseudoephedrine in extended release preparations).
Absorption: Loratadine: Absorbed rapidly from GI tract, peak plasma concentrations reached in about 1 hr, bioavailability increased and time to peak plasma concentrations delayed when taken with food.
Distribution: Loratadine: 98% bound to plasma proteins; desloratadine 73-76% bound to plasma proteins; loratadine and its metabolites enters into breast milk, but do not to cross the blood-brain barrier significantly. Pseudoephedrine: May distribute into milk, crosses placenta and into CSF.
Metabolism: Loratadine: Undergoes extensive metabolism by cytochrome P450 isoenzymes CYP3A4 and CYP2D6; its major metabolite desloratadine has potent antihistaminic activity; elimination half-lives 8.4 hr (loratadine), 28 hr (desloratadine).
Excretion: Loratadine: Excreted equally in the urine and faeces, mainly in the form of metabolites. Pseudoephedrine: Undergoes incomplete metabolism in the liver by N-demethylation to inactive metabolite; excreted in urine with 55-75% of dose excreted unchanged.
ATC Classification R01BA02 - pseudoephedrine ; Belongs to the class of systemic sympathomimetic preparations used as nasal decongestants. 
R06AX13 - loratadine ; Belongs to the class of other agents used as systemic antihistamines.

Brand/Product Info


Total Products : 6      
Brand Name Manufacturer/Marketer Composition Dosage Form Pack Size & Price
CODERIN 10 ACI Ltd. Loratadine USP 10mg+ Pseudoephedrine hydrochloride USP 240mg Tablet (extended release) 50's: 301.00 IP
CODERIN 5 ACI Ltd. Loratadine USP 5mg+ Pseudoephedrine hydrochloride USP 120mg Tablet (extended release) 50's: 201.00 IP
EPHEDROL General Pharmaceuticals Ltd Loratadine INN 10mg+ Pseudoephedrine hydrochloride USP 240mg Tablet (extended release) 30's: 180.60 MRP
LODIN Plus Amico Laboratories Ltd. Loratadine USP 10mg+ Pseudoephedrine hydrochloride USP 240mg Tablet (extended release) 30's: 180.00 MRP
LORA Plus 120 Opsonin Pharma Limited Loratadine USP 5mg+ Pseudoephedrine hydrochloride USP 120mg Tablet (extended release) 50's: 200.00 MRP
LORA Plus 240 Opsonin Pharma Limited Loratadine USP 10mg+ Pseudoephedrine hydrochloride USP 240mg Tablet (extended release) 30's: 180.00 MRP
Simple Breath Test Might Diagnose Heart Failure An experimental breath test, designed to quickly identify patients suffering from heart failure simply by analyzing the contents of a...
Osteoporosis drug stops Breast cancer growth   News & Events News & Events     HIGHLIGHTS Osteoporosis drug stops growth of breast cancer...
Generic drug safety info loophole FDA plans to close generic drug safety info loophole The US Food and Drug Administration has announced plans to speed up the dissemination of...
Large trials unpublished   News & Events News & Events   HIGHLIGHTS Almost 1 in 3 of large clinical trials unpublished after...
TB activists boo Indian minister News & Events News & Events   HIGHLIGHTS TB activists at world conference boo Indian minister off...
Key bone marrow protein identified News & Events News & Events   HIGHLIGHTS Key bone marrow protein identified as potential new leukemia...